We have all seen them in contemporary cinematography, depicted on the mosaics of archaeological findings in the ancient world.
The Hoplite (etymologically deriving from la hopla, meaning a tool, or equipment.) Was the standard armed warrior of the Ancient Greek world from the 7th to the 4th-century B.C. War played an exceptionally important, but in the same sense dualistic character in Greek society. The Greek city-states and political entities waged war against each other in a competitive manner, in a healthy pursuit of domination and a demonstration of power, which eventually culminated in the Peloponnesian war (431–404) fought between the Corinthian and Peloponnesian alliances, both led by Sparta and Greece. There was also the war which was waged with the utmost hatred and annihilation against “Them, the non-Greeks”, the typical representation being the total war and the complete military and political unification of a big portion of the Greek city-states.
Thucydides gives a perfect exemplary summarize on the Greek perception of war in his treatise “History of the Peloponnesian War” :
“In practice, we always base our preparations against an enemy on the assumption that his plans are good; indeed, it is right to rest our hopes not on a belief in his blunders, but on the soundness of our provisions. Nor ought we to believe that there is much difference between man and man, but to think that the superiority lies with him who is reared in the severest school.”